September is National Mushroom Month!
Edible mushrooms are the fleshy and edible fruit bodies of several species of fungi. Mushrooms belong to macrofungi because their fruiting structures are large enough to be seen with the naked eye.
Fun Facts about Mushrooms:
- According to 4,600 year old hieroglyphics, ancient Egyptians believed that Mushrooms were a plant of immortality. Pharaohs were so intrigued that they decreed mushrooms were a food that should be reserved for royalty and commoners were forbidden to touch them.
- Most mushrooms are non-fattening: about 20 calories a cup for any variety!
- In 1985 the National Mushroom Growers’ Association was established in Illinois to promote the sale of fresh mushrooms on a national basis.
- Mushrooms are either hypogeous and grow below ground or epigeous and grow above ground.
- Truffles, an epigeous species, are one of the world’s most expensive foods. One variety, Tuber melanosporum, can cost between $800 and $1,500 per pound.
- The largest living organism ever pound is a honey mushroom, Armillaria ostoyae. It covers 3.4 square miles of land in the Blue Mountains of eastern Oregon – and it’s still growing!
Four of the most Common Types of Mushrooms:
say mushroom in…
Spanish = champiñones
Czech = houba
Try the “Oh My, Pizza Pie” from our Italian Cookbook!